Halal Manual For Industries / Manufacturers


What is Halal?

Halal is a term designating any object or an action which is permissible to use or engage in, according to Islamic law. The term is used to designate food seen as permissible according to Islamic law. The opposite of this word is haraam.

Halal foods are foods that Muslims are allowed to eat under Islamic dietary guidelines. The criteria specify both what foods are allowed, and how the food must be prepared. The foods addressed are mostly types of meat/animal tissue.

What is Haram?

All foods are considered halal except the following (which are haram):

  • Swine/Pork and its by-products
  • Animals improperly slaughtered or dead before slaughtering
  • Alcoholic drinks and intoxicants
  • Carnivorous animals, birds of prey and certain other animals
  • Foods contaminated with any of the above products

What is Mashbooh?

While many things are clearly Halal or clearly Haram, there are some things that are not clear. These items are considered questionable or suspect, and more information is needed to categorize them as Halal or Haram. Such items are often referred to as mashbooh, which means "doubtful" or "questionable". Foods containing ingredients such as gelatin, enzymes, emulsifiers, etc. would be mashbooh because, more often than not, the origin of these ingredients is not known.

What is Zabihah?

The slaughter of a halal animal is called "zabihah" and there are certain guidelines to follow:

  1. A Muslim should perform slaughter by pronouncing shahada or tasmiya (when the knife is put on the throat of the bird of animal being slaughtered) “Bismillah Allahu Akbar”.
  2. The animal must be slit at the throat.
  3. The animal must not be unconscious or dead prior to slaughter.
  4. Any flowing blood of the carcass should be completely drained.

Some other requirements are:

  1. The animal must have been fed a natural diet that did not contain animal by-products.
  2. Animal has to be fed as normal and given water prior to slaughter.
  3. Choice of modern and in vogue method has to be considered with caution and, it should be in line with Islamic principles.
  4. Slaughtering must not be done where pigs are slaughtered or in the vicinity of pigs slaughtering area.
  5. One animal must not see the other being slaughtered.
  6. Jugular vein, carotid artery and windpipe have to be severed by a razor sharp knife by a single swipe, to incur as less a pain as possible.
  7. The slaughterer and the animal should face the Qibla.
  8. Animal must not be suffering from any ailments or any lacerations.

Is Halal only for Muslims or for all?

This is popular misconception that holds no truth. Like any other system, Halal also brings with it benefits of purification and goodness for all communities and peoples without compromising the ultimate benefits to society as a whole. Halal translated means permitted and is important to Muslims as part of faith.

Is Halaal a local or global concept?

Halaal is truly a worldwide concept that is growing in popularity and requirement. Organizations such as IFANCA (USA), Halaal Control (Germany), JAKIM (Malaysia), MUIS (Singapore), HMC (UK), AFCAI (France), HFFIA (Netherlands), FIANZ (New Zealand), The Central Islamic Committee of Thailand (Thailand), Jamiat-E-Ulama-Sri Lanka (Sri Lanka), SANHA (South Africa) etc are testimony to this.

The worldwide market for Halal products has reached US $660 billion by 2017 in terms of the revenue generated by certified products.

What are the basic rules of Halal (Muslim's) foods?

With respect to food, Islamic laws are very specific and Muslims seek to eat foods defined as "Halal", which is defined by Muslims as "that which is allowed". Essentially, "Halal" means permitted by God, or "Allah", the Law-Giver.

What Is Halal Certification?

Halal Certification is the process of having a qualified independent third party supervises the production of consumables, attesting that they were produced in conformity with the preparation and ingredient standards of the halal lifestyle. After successful adoption and performance of halal productivity procedures, the supervisory third party then issues Halal Certification to the producer attesting to halal conformity on a per product basis. While halal requires foods to be wholesome and pure, Halal Certification has left the issue of food safety to the government regulatory bodies.

Why Do I Need Halal Certification?

Halal Certification is required to produce acceptable food and consumable products for halal consumers. That includes the 1.4 billion Muslims in the world and the many millions of others who also choose to eat halal products because of the obvious positive health benefits associated with the cleanliness and purity of food and drug preparation within the halal framework as well as the compassion with which animals are slaughtered when done so in accordance with halal standards.

How Does ISO 9000 Fit In With Halal Certification?

ISO 9000 is another quality management system that fits in well with the concept of halal. Implementing ISO 9000 demonstrates the producer's desire to produce consistent quality products. When implementing a Halal Certification program, the certifying agency will incorporate specific halal procedures within the ISO procedures. ISO alone does not make a product halal, and a halal product can be made without ISO.

Where Do I Find Halal-Certified Ingredients?

Halal-certified ingredients can be found in many places. When producing halal-certified products, it is best to use halal-certified ingredients. Your halal-certifying agency can help you find a source of acceptable halal-certified ingredients.

What Is The Market For Halal-Certified Products?

The market for halal-certified products is huge and growing. It includes the 1.4 billion Muslims worldwide and many millions of health-conscious non-Muslims who chose to eat halal-certified products because these products are inherently cleanly and manufactured in a compassionate manner with respect to the treatment of slaughtered animals. (When animals are slaughtered in a less compassionate manner, hormones and toxins from fear and shock are released into the respective bloodstreams of the animals; these hormones and toxins find their way into the musculature and taint the aft-consumed meat with unnecessary ingredients.) There are over 9 million Muslims in North America, over 20 million in Europe, over 300 million in Africa, nearly 200 million in the Middle East and over 800 million in Asia.